Gavin P. Dunn, MD, PhD

Glioblastoma remains the most aggressive brain tumor diagnosed in patients, and it is clear that new treatment strategies are needed. There is significant optimism around the use of approaches that stimulate a patient's immune system to treat brain tumors. Gavin focuses on identifying the specific components of a patient's brain tumor that the immune system recognizes and determining whether there are regional differences in this immune recognition.

Darryl A. Wesener, PhD

Dr. Wesener is studying how food processing by the community of tens of trillions of microbes (microbiota) that resides in the human gut influences nutritional status. Obesity, and its associated metabolic abnormalities, is associated with higher incidence of certain cancers, notably those affecting the colon, uterus, and breast. Transplantation of intact gut microbiota from obese humans into germ-free mice leads to increased fat gain and obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities.

Vivek K. Arora, MD, PhD

Modern molecular characterization of tumors of the urinary bladder has illuminated cellular pathways that may be important for bladder cancer development. Dr. Arora is investigating the role played by a family of proteins called nuclear receptors in driving bladder cancer development and progression. These studies will provide insights into the fundamental basis of bladder cancer, while validating potential drug targets. Nuclear receptors are particularly attractive drug targets because they are highly amenable to modulation with drugs.

Stephen T. Oh, MD, PhD

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a group of blood cancers in which a malignant cell population proliferates out of control. Myelofibrosis (MF) is one type of MPN in which the bone marrow becomes replaced by scar tissue, leading to progressive failure of normal blood cell functions and ultimately death, on average five years after initial diagnosis. MPNs, including MF, can evolve to secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML), which is almost invariably fatal. There is no reliable curative treatment currently available for MPNs or MF.